Manipulative physiotherapy - طـبيـعي للعلاج الطبيعي والتأهـيل الطبي
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افتراضي  Manipulative physiotherapy
كُتبَ بتاريخ: [ 10-15-2007 - 09:42 PM ]
رقم المشاركة : ( 1 )
الصورة الرمزية Sultan AlEnad PT
Sultan AlEnad PT
المشـرف الـعــام
Sultan AlEnad PT غير متواجد حالياً
رقم العضوية : 1
تاريخ التسجيل : Sep 2007
مكان الإقامة : المملكة العربية السعودية - سكاكا الجوف
عدد المشاركات : 2,734
عدد النقاط : 10
قوة التقييم :

[align=left]Manipulative Physiotherapy

Manipulative physiotherapy is the term used to describe the field of physiotherapy practice which relates to disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Physiotherapists who practise in this area, are skilled in the assessment, diagnosis and physiotherapy management of musculoskeletal conditions.

The physiotherapy profession recognises the importance of evidence based practice and actively encourages practitioners to consider the scientific evidence when developing management programs. So what is the evidence for manipulative physiotherapy practice?

Manipulative physiotherapy works
Manipulative physiotherapists are highly trained in assessing musculoskeletal disorders. The clinical reasoning processes employed by manipulative physiotherapists enables them to reach a diagnosis consistent with the findings of the clinical examination.

Research has shown that manipulative physiotherapists are highly skilled in their examination such that they are able to form a diagnosis similar to or better than those determined by sophisticated imaging processes. For example, studies have shown that manipulative physiotherapists are skilled in the diagnosis of symptomatic facet joints (Philips and Twomey 1996), symptomatic intervertebral discs (Donelson et al 1997) and lumbar instability (Avery 1997).

Benefits of manipulative physiotherapy
Manipulative physiotherapists have advanced skills in the assessment, diagnosis and management of musculoskeletal conditions. These skills assist the medical practitioner with accurate, cost effective diagnosis and appropriate evidence based management. Manipulative physiotherapists in Australia have world leading expertise in the effective management of pain and other disorders related to the musculoskeletal system.

Evidence on the effectiveness of physical treatments as practiced by manipulative physiotherapists is constantly being reviewed. The Manipulative Physiotherapists Association of Australia (MPAA) has recently reviewed the literature on low back pain, based on level I evidence (systematic reviews) and level II evidence (randomised controlled trials).

Spinal manipulative therapy (SMT - including both passive mobilisation and manipulation), McKenzie therapy and promoting early activity is effective in the short-term management of low back pain (ACHPR 1994, van Tulder et al 1997). General exercise programs designed and supervised by physiotherapists result in reduced disability, reduced absenteeism and faster return to work rate compared to control groups (Frost et al 1995, Gundewall et al 1993, Kellett et al 1991, Mitchell et al , Moffett et al 1999).

Physiotherapists are also pioneering investigations of the proposed mechanisms contributing to chronic and recurrent low back pain by evaluating the effects of specific exercise programs. Evidence to support their efficacy is mounting (O'Sullivan et al 1997). There is strong evidence that SMT is more effective in the management of chronic low back pain than bed rest, analgesics, and massage, with six out of eight trials supporting this evidence (van Tulder et al). More importantly, the combination of SMT and exercise has increasing support in the management of low back pain (Ottenbacher and Difabio 1994, Scheer et al 1995). [/align]

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